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THE KAVANGO-KWANDO-ZAMBESI
"TRANSFRONTIER PARK"
:


Southern Africa 7 July 2003


Incorporating existing parks and conservation areas in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.


Ph©to: Tourist Office Botswana
Kalahari Botswana
Ph©to: Boudewijn Hoogeweegen
Camp Chiawa/Zambia
Kalahari
Kalahari Namibia
Canyon Angola
Canyon in Angola
Zambia Falls
Zambia Falls


INTRODUCTION

The area surrounding the Okavango-, Kwando- and Zambezi Rivers, has been described as the "Eden of Africa" as long ago as in the beginning of the previous century. Since then very little and very much has changed. Much has changed in this sense that the areas has been carved up into 5 different countries and has experienced the scourges of war. Little has changed in this sense that hardly any development has taken place and the border is often just a line drawn on a map - still peoples and wildlife co-exist in harmony and trek across borders at will.

This amazing area varies from the "Thirstland" of the Kalahari Desert, to the amazing Okavango Swamps and the tropical paradise around the world famous Victoria Falls. Large sections of this area has never been fully explored but more than 500 species of birds have been listed. The animal kingdom is truly remarkable with Sable antelope, Roan antelope, elephant, buffalo, hippopotamus and crocodile in abundance.

The oldest living human inhabitants date back to more than 80,000 years ago. When the "Abantu" settlers moved into this area round about 1750, they found small families of Khoi-Khoi, the Bushmen, living there. Today you still find groups of! Khûng and Khoé Bushmen living as hunter-gatherers amongst the Abantu tribes in obvious peace.


Ph©to: Tourist Office Botswana
Botswana
Ph©to: Tourist Office
Namibia
Photo: Tourist Office
Botswana
Flamingos
Botswana
Elephants
Zimbabwe


DEVELOPMENT

During the years, the various governments established conservation areas here. Amongst them are:

  1. Coutada Publica do Mocusso and the Coutada Publica do Luengué in Angola.

  2. Moremi Wildlife Reserve and Chobe National Park in Botswana.

  3. Kaudom-, Caprivi-, Manage- and Mudumo National Parks in Namibia.

  4. Sioma Ngwezi National Park in Zambia.

  5. Zambezi-, Kazuma Pan- and Hwange National Parks in Zimbabwe.

A few major towns have developed in this area of which only Katima Mulilo in Namibia is in the center. Mavinga in Angola, Ghanzi and Maun in Botswana, Rundu in Namibia, Livingstone in Zambia and Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe, are all more or less on the border of this proposed Park. There are a few tarmac roads in this area, some electrical networks especially towards the major town and naturally communications networks. For the rest, it is just one huge unspoilt and undeveloped hinterland with small informal settlements where tribes-peoples eke out and existence-farming, often in symbioses with the wildlife.

The area that is part of Angola, is now in the process of negotiating peace after so many years of war but it is still very unstable with uncontrolled groups of armed bandits roaming around. The wildlife has been hunted down to the point of near-extinction and there are plenty of landmines and other un-accounted for weapons. Yet peace is coming and slowly things are returning back to normal. The animals are again returning to their traditional feeding areas and the refugees are returning to the "lands of the fathers" and settling into a life that they have lived for millennia.


INVOLVEMENT

Koos Greeff from South Africa has been actively involved with the hospitality industry since 1977 and with social development work since 1984. During that time he started visiting groups of refugees from the civil war in Angola, trying to assist them in any way. In 1989 with a group he started a non-governmental development trust with the explicit purpose of working in the areas of northern Namibia. By 2000 a huge refugee camp was established at "Osire" about 200-km northeast of Windhoek, the capital of Namibia. At times there were more than 25,000 refugees living there. They helped them to form some sort of leadership structure and then initiated training sessions every month. The idea of these sessions was to empower them to help their own people’s country. Koos personally visited "Osire" three times to handle such training sessions.

During September 2001, the group met a group of leaders from the Okavango region for a planning session. The idea of this proposed Transfrontier Park was born there. The initial idea was to establish, in association with local communities, sites for the building of tourist camps. The role of Koos' group would be to help with the planning, the know-how for the initial construction and the marketing of these "tribal tourist camps". They felt that Eco-tourism is the route must go, thus they must build camps run by the local communities and incorporating their cultures and traditions in the whole operation of the camps.


Ph©to: Tourist Office Botswana
Botswana
Ph©to: Tourist Office
Zambia
Photo: Tourist Office
Zimzam
Hypos in the Zambesi River
Zambia
Asarwa
Asarwa


THE PLAN

The idea at present is to incorporate as large an area as possible and to establish a free roaming area for animal and tourists in this area. The group would also try to incorporate as many as possible of existing settlements and communities into the running of this park. Great effort will have to be made to establish sustainable, co-existing industries and farming enterprises so as to not prevent the local inhabitants from living a decent human life. This sort of peaceful co-existence between man and wildlife is possible as is the example of Kenya and Tanzania. As this has been the lifestyle of this area for so many millennia, the group is confident that with the right imput from governments and international societies, they could establish such an "Eden" again. This would not only benefit the local inhabitants of this area, but also all of mankind for the ages to come.

The idea is to start preliminary negotiations with all the local communities living in these areas. Only after the group has their active co-operation and imput, they can do a proper assessment of the problems, needs and potential of this huge area. After proper research, an initial development plan can be put together. This must be taken back to the local peoples. With their approval, the group could then start negotiations with the different governments. This would necessitate more research, negotiations and planning’s before implementation. Koos would like to stress this important point, that the key to the success of this park, lies completely in the hands of the communities inhabiting the area – without their complete approval and co-operation, the Park is doomed to strife and destruction and one of the truly "wild" areas of Africa, will be lost for ever.

The base for starting this park would initially be to town of Rundu in northern Namibia as it has the necessary infrastructure. The development of the Park will be done in phases. Initially it would be advisable to incorporate only the three parks in Namibia with those of Angola. This would constitute the biggest area with the lowest concentration of people. The settlement of Bagani would then be the center of the Park as Bagani has a good runway and the necessary infrastructure. For a second phase, the area in Zambia and those in Botswana could be incorporated. The third phase would be to incorporate existing tribal lands or other freehold lands into the Park. Lastly the parks in Zimbabwe could be incorporated. The existing parks there have good infrastructures but at present, the regime in Zimbabwe does not allow for international support. At the final phase, the town of Katima Mulilo in Namibia would be the center of the Park. The necessary operational offices would then be moved there as at present the town already boasts a well-developed infrastructure.


RESPONSE - REMARKS - SUGGESTIONS


Mr. Koos Greeff
P.O. Box 62
Klawer 8145
South Africa.

Phone and Fax: +27 – 2721 – 6107
Cell: +27 – 83 – 6515686
E-mail Kosie@new.co.za



Last update: 1 April 2006



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